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Browse resources on authoritarian sharp power and its effects on the integrity of institutions and globalized spaces.

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Source: Center for Strategic and International Studies

Publication Date: December 20, 2021

The Kremlin Playbook 3

Authoritarian Country: Russia

Affected Region: Global

Author: Heather A. Conley, Donatienne Ruy

View Resource: The Kremlin Playbook 3

The Kremlin seeks to break societal consensus around the liberal democratic order and build support for Russia’s policy preferences by positioning itself as a defender of conservative values. Such “strategic conservatism” builds on and uses Russia’s existing propaganda and disinformation…

Source: Central European Institute of Asian Studies

Publication Date: December 18, 2021

Under the Radar: Mapping the Czech and Slovak ‎Local ‎Governments’ Ties to ‎China

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Slovakia, Europe, Czechia

Author: Matej Šimalčík et al.

View Resource: Under the Radar: Mapping the Czech and Slovak ‎Local ‎Governments’ Ties to ‎China

A mapping of the paradiplomatic relations of sub-national entities in Slovakia and Czechia identified at least 46 instances of agreement-based cooperation with Chinese partners. A lack of transparency and limited public control over these relations contributed to a culture of…

Source: Australian Strategic Policy Institute

Publication Date: December 9, 2021

Borrowing Mouths to Speak on Xinjiang

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Global

Author: Fergus Ryan et al.

View Resource: Borrowing Mouths to Speak on Xinjiang

Chinese state entities have supported foreign influencers in the creation of social media content in Xinjiang, as well as amplified influencer content that supports pro-CCP narratives, as part of a wider global propaganda push to counter critical reporting about human…

Source: Stockholm Free World Forum

Publication Date: December 8, 2021

CCTV – A Trojan Horse in International News Dissemination?

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Global

Author: Øystein Bogen

View Resource: CCTV – A Trojan Horse in International News Dissemination?

Chinese state broadcaster CCTV maintains contracts with Thomson Reuters and Associated Press guaranteeing the distribution of scripted footage to global clients. Some content is heavily editorialized, contains dubious sources, and appears designed to reinforce Beijing’s foreign policy priorities.

Source: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism

Publication Date: November 1, 2021

How China Uses the News Media as a Weapon in Its Propaganda War Against the West

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Global, Italy, Philippines, Czechia

Author: Raksha Kumar

View Resource: How China Uses the News Media as a Weapon in Its Propaganda War Against the West

Beijing has attempted to shape information narratives internationally, especially in Belt and Road Initiative countries, through exchange programs for foreign reporters, paid supplements and free media content for foreign newspapers, and bilateral cooperation agreements with local media outlets.

Source: Voice of America

Publication Date: October 28, 2021

China Attempts to Block Cultural Events in Germany, Italy

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Italy, Germany, Europe

Author: Kris Cheng

View Resource: China Attempts to Block Cultural Events in Germany, Italy

Efforts by Chinese diplomats to halt cultural events “critical” of Beijing were met with mixed results in Europe. Two German universities cancelled launch events for a book about PRC Chairman Xi Jinping, but the Chinese Embassy in Rome failed to…

Source: Institute of Modern Russia

Publication Date: October 27, 2021

The Rise and Fall of Sputnik V: How the Kremlin Used the Coronavirus Vaccine as a Tool of Information Warfare

Authoritarian Country: Russia

Affected Region: Global

Author: Vera Michlin-Schapir, Olga Khvostunova

View Resource: The Rise and Fall of Sputnik V: How the Kremlin Used the Coronavirus Vaccine as a Tool of Information Warfare

Sputnik V was used by the Kremlin as a tool of information warfare and as a product with which the Putin regime sought to increase geopolitical influence and gain financial benefits. Promoting Sputnik V internationally, rather than vaccinating Russians domestically,…

Source: Global Americans

Publication Date: October 27, 2021

Measuring the Impact of Misinformation, Disinformation, and Propaganda in Latin America

Authoritarian Country: China, Russia

Affected Region: Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Latin America and the Caribbean

View Resource: Measuring the Impact of Misinformation, Disinformation, and Propaganda in Latin America

China, Russia, and other undemocratic actors were active in promoting disinformation and propaganda in Latin America through their state-sponsored media channels—including Russia Today (RT), Telesur, Sputnik Mundo, and Xinhua Español—to inflame political rifts and promote like-minded local forces.

Source: Hong Kong Free Press

Publication Date: October 21, 2021

Italian City Defies China Bid to Scrap Show by Dissident Artist Badiucao

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Italy, Europe

View Resource: Italian City Defies China Bid to Scrap Show by Dissident Artist Badiucao

The Italian city of Brescia proceeded with plans to host an art exhibition by a Chinese dissident despite a request from China’s embassy to cancel it. The exhibition was expected to denounce Chinese political repression and censorship of information on…

Source: American Purpose

Publication Date: October 12, 2021

To Influence Japan, China Tries Subtlety

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Asia-Pacific, Japan

Author: Timothy Niven, Maiko Ichihara

View Resource: To Influence Japan, China Tries Subtlety

Beijing is expanding its information network ecosystem to include outlets that operate more independently. In Japan, diaspora-operated Searchina publishes a notably high number of cultural puff pieces and avoids distributing information unfavorable to the CCP.

Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Publication Date: October 12, 2021

China’s Influence in Southeastern, Central, and Eastern Europe: Vulnerabilities and Resilience in Four Countries

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Greece, Romania, Hungary, Europe, Georgia, Eurasia

Author: Erik Brattberg et al.

View Resource: China’s Influence in Southeastern, Central, and Eastern Europe: Vulnerabilities and Resilience in Four Countries

As Beijing seeks to push Chinese exports and investments, exert political influence, and foster a positive image of China, its activities in some European countries can exacerbate governance shortfalls, undermine political and economic stability, and complicate the EU’s ability to…

Source: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Publication Date: October 12, 2021

China’s Influence in South Asia: Vulnerabilities and Resilience in Four Countries

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Asia-Pacific, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh

Author: Deep Pal

View Resource: China’s Influence in South Asia: Vulnerabilities and Resilience in Four Countries

In some South Asian states, the rapid inflow of Chinese money and the exponential increase in Chinese influence over two decades came against the backdrop of three pronounced systemic vulnerabilities: brittle state institutions, weak civil societies, and high potential for…

Source: Institut de recherche stratégique de l’École militaire

Publication Date: September 30, 2021

Les Opérations d’influence chinoises. Un moment machiavélien

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: New Zealand, Australia, Canada, Singapore, Taiwan, Global, Sweden

Author: Paul Charon, Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer

View Resource: Les Opérations d’influence chinoises. Un moment machiavélien

Pékin assume de plus en plus d’infiltrer et de contraindre : ses opérations d’influence se sont considérablement durcies ces dernières années et ses méthodes ressemblent de plus en plus à celles employées par Moscou. Ce qui correspond donc à une…

Source: Jack D. Gordon Institute for Public Policy

Publication Date: September 30, 2021

¿Sepa Más? Russia’s Strategic Communication in Latin America and the Caribbean

Authoritarian Country: Russia

Affected Region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Vladimir Rouvinski

View Resource: ¿Sepa Más? Russia’s Strategic Communication in Latin America and the Caribbean

RT en Español and Sputnik Mundo have established a strong presence in the Latin American information space. A detailed examination of programming reveals most content is strategic communications designed to challenge the United States and its allies on politically sensitive…

Source: Council on Foreign Relations

Publication Date: September 13, 2021

What Is the Influence of Chinese Media in West Africa?

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria, Ghana

Author: Emeka Umejei

View Resource: What Is the Influence of Chinese Media in West Africa?

A survey of journalists in Nigeria and Ghana implied that China’s funding of infrastructure projects, media training, and donation of broadcasting equipment through the Belt and Road Initiative have the potential to influence audience perception of Chinese media in Africa.