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Browse resources on authoritarian sharp power and its effects on the integrity of institutions and globalized spaces.

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Source: The Diplomat

Publication Date: November 16, 2023

China’s Expanding Health Diplomacy in Indonesia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Asia-Pacific, Indonesia

Author: Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat, Yeta Purnama

View Resource: China’s Expanding Health Diplomacy in Indonesia

While the Chinese and Indonesian government began cooperating during the COVID-19 pandemic on vaccine distribution, Beijing has recently increased its investment in Indonesia’s health sector to push back against negative perceptions of China among a majority of Indonesians.

Source: New York Times

Publication Date: April 23, 2023

Chinese Censorship is Quietly Rewriting the Covid-19 Story

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Global

Author: Mara Kvistendahl, Benjamin Mueller

View Resource: Chinese Censorship is Quietly Rewriting the Covid-19 Story

Beijing has attempted to shape global discourse around the origins of the Covid-19 pandemic by exploiting the editorial process in scientific journals. Chinese researchers retracted significant and important data from international journals that indicates a pattern of censorship from the government.

Source: Foreign Affairs

Publication Date: February 7, 2023

China Hasn’t Given Up on the Belt and Road

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Global

Author: Matt Schrader, J. Michael Cole

View Resource: China Hasn’t Given Up on the Belt and Road

China’s Belt and Road Initiative has shifted away from large infrastructure projects to more subtle methods of authoritarian influence, including 5G technology, media buyouts, and “Sinology” programs in academia. Chinese support continues to be used by authoritarian allies to finance control globally.

Source: New York Times

Publication Date: February 1, 2023

China and the U.S. Are Wooing Indonesia, and Beijing Has the Edge

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Asia-Pacific, Indonesia

Author: Jane Perlez, Eric Schmitt, Sui-Lee Wee

View Resource: China and the U.S. Are Wooing Indonesia, and Beijing Has the Edge

China’s multi-billion dollar investments in Indonesian infrastructure and vaccine diplomacy have overcome past grievances and swayed Indonesia’s president towards supporting Beijing’s strategic goals in Southeast Asia and at the United Nations.

Source: The Guardian

Publication Date: December 8, 2022

Chinese Students in UK Told to ‘Resist Distorting’ China’s Covid Policies

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, United Kingdom

Author: Daniel Boffey

View Resource: Chinese Students in UK Told to ‘Resist Distorting’ China’s Covid Policies

Chinese students studying in Manchester, UK reported threatening comments made by the Chinese consul general in response to their protests against China’s Zero Covid policies. The Chinese government is taking steps to intimidate international students and influence their behavior.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: September 20, 2022

Getting Ahead of the Curve: Chinese Influence in Central and Eastern Europe

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Hungary, Europe, Serbia, Czechia, Lithuania

Author: James Lamond, Edward Lucas

View Resource: Getting Ahead of the Curve: Chinese Influence in Central and Eastern Europe

China used the 14+1 Initiative as a means for spreading economic and political influence, employing various tactics such as anti-Western propaganda, sharing Chinese media content with local outlets, infrastructure investments, and vaccine exports.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: September 7, 2022

Chinese Influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Tijana Cvjetićanin

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Chinese Communist Party strives to cultivate cultural, political, and academic ties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These efforts are more pronounced in the Republika Srpska, where the authorities tend to adopt a pro-Russian and anti-Western foreign policy stance.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: September 2, 2022

Chinese Influence in Serbia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Serbia

Author: Stefan Vladisavljev

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Serbia

Chinese influence in Serbia is spread through various means. The most conspicuous and successful tools have been economic cooperation between Serbia and China, activities of the Chinese embassy, bilateral visits, “mask and vaccine diplomacy,” and cooperation with Serbian media.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 30, 2022

Chinese Influence in North Macedonia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, North Macedonia

Author: Ana Krstinovska

View Resource: Chinese Influence in North Macedonia

North Macedonia is a member of several international organizations, such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and NATO, where the vote of each country counts. Thus, China seeks to ensure North Macedonia’s friendship, or at least neutrality, on resolutions tabled by Western governments.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 26, 2022

Chinese Influence in Slovakia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Slovakia

Author: Filip Šebok

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Slovakia

China’s policies toward Slovakia have included protecting China’s core interests on issues such as Taiwan and Tibet; creating a positive image of China, Chinese foreign policy, and Sino-Slovak relations; and establishing links with political and business leaders to induce China-friendly policies.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 25, 2022

Chinese Influence in Montenegro

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Montenegro

Author: Milica Kovačević

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Montenegro

China exerts influence in Montenegro through economic clout, primarily through huge debt for construction projects that will burden Montenegro for years. China’s investments in Montenegro benefit from a loophole that allows them to escape public scrutiny, competitive bidding, and national regulations.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 17, 2022

Chinese Influence in Romania

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Romania

Author: Rufin Zamfir, Andrei Tiut

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Romania

China’s attempts to project influence in Romania primarily target elites. Through Confucius Institutes, new generations of educated individuals are persuaded to focus on the economics of the Sino-Romanian relationship rather than the threat that the Chinese political model represents to democracy.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 16, 2022

Chinese Influence in the Czech Republic

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Czechia

Author: Ivana Karásková

View Resource: Chinese Influence in the Czech Republic

Beijing’s main strategic goals in the Czech Republic have been to weaken political support for Taiwan and to improve China’s image in the country, for example by fighting narratives depicting it as a human rights violator and as the source of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 11, 2022

Chinese Influence in Latvia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Latvia

Author: Mārtiņš Hiršs

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Latvia

Chinese malign influence efforts in Latvia so far have been relatively passive. The goals are primarily to create a positive image of China, gather information on and establish contacts with the political and economic elite, and probe possibilities for major investments in Latvia.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 10, 2022

Chinese Influence in Slovenia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Slovenia

Author: Saša Istenič Kotar

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Slovenia

China’s main goal in Slovenia is to secure a long-term political and security partnership with Ljubljana. Its main source of influence is its economic appeal: It affects the behavior of businesspeople and politicians in Slovenia and contributes to China’s cultural influence in multiple areas.