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Browse resources on authoritarian sharp power and its effects on the integrity of institutions and globalized spaces.

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Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: September 6, 2022

Chinese Influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Tijana Cvjetićanin

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Chinese Communist Party strives to cultivate cultural, political, and academic ties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These efforts are more pronounced in the Republika Srpska, where the authorities tend to adopt a pro-Russian and anti-Western foreign policy stance.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: September 1, 2022

Chinese Influence in Serbia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Serbia

Author: Stefan Vladisavljev

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Serbia

Chinese influence in Serbia is spread through various means. The most conspicuous and successful tools have been economic cooperation between Serbia and China, activities of the Chinese embassy, bilateral visits, “mask and vaccine diplomacy,” and cooperation with Serbian media.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 29, 2022

Chinese Influence in North Macedonia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, North Macedonia

Author: Ana Krstinovska

View Resource: Chinese Influence in North Macedonia

North Macedonia is a member of several international organizations, such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and NATO, where the vote of each country counts. Thus, China seeks to ensure North Macedonia’s friendship, or at least neutrality, on resolutions tabled by Western governments.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 25, 2022

Chinese Influence in Slovakia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Slovakia

Author: Filip Šebok

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Slovakia

China’s policies toward Slovakia have included protecting China’s core interests on issues such as Taiwan and Tibet; creating a positive image of China, Chinese foreign policy, and Sino-Slovak relations; and establishing links with political and business leaders to induce China-friendly policies.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 24, 2022

Chinese Influence in Montenegro

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Montenegro

Author: Milica Kovačević

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Montenegro

China exerts influence in Montenegro through economic clout, primarily through huge debt for construction projects that will burden Montenegro for years. China’s investments in Montenegro benefit from a loophole that allows them to escape public scrutiny, competitive bidding, and national regulations.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 16, 2022

Chinese Influence in Romania

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Romania

Author: Rufin Zamfir, Andrei Tiut

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Romania

China’s attempts to project influence in Romania primarily target elites. Through Confucius Institutes, new generations of educated individuals are persuaded to focus on the economics of the Sino-Romanian relationship rather than the threat that the Chinese political model represents to democracy.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 15, 2022

Chinese Influence in the Czech Republic

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Czechia

Author: Ivana Karásková

View Resource: Chinese Influence in the Czech Republic

Beijing’s main strategic goals in the Czech Republic have been to weaken political support for Taiwan and to improve China’s image in the country, for example by fighting narratives depicting it as a human rights violator and as the source of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 10, 2022

Chinese Influence in Latvia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Latvia

Author: Mārtiņš Hiršs

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Latvia

Chinese malign influence efforts in Latvia so far have been relatively passive. The goals are primarily to create a positive image of China, gather information on and establish contacts with the political and economic elite, and probe possibilities for major investments in Latvia.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 9, 2022

Chinese Influence in Slovenia

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Slovenia

Author: Saša Istenič Kotar

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Slovenia

China’s main goal in Slovenia is to secure a long-term political and security partnership with Ljubljana. Its main source of influence is its economic appeal: It affects the behavior of businesspeople and politicians in Slovenia and contributes to China’s cultural influence in multiple areas.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 1, 2022

Chinese Influence in Lithuania

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Lithuania

Author: Konstantinas Andrijauskas

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Lithuania

Amid deteriorating relations, the most important means to affect the Lithuanian population writ large has been the PRC embassy’s sponsored articles and interviews in the country’s printed media. Some United Front activities have also targeted the local Chinese diaspora and subnational political elites.

Source: Center for European Policy Analysis

Publication Date: August 1, 2022

Chinese Influence in Poland

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Poland

Author: Alicja Bachulska

View Resource: Chinese Influence in Poland

The Chinese Communist Party’s influence efforts in Poland have centered around two pillars: 1) attempting to establish local proxies, and 2) promoting Beijing’s official messaging through traditional and social media, public diplomacy, and people-to-people relations.

Source: Visegrad Insight

Publication Date: April 27, 2022

Russia’s Digital Battleground: Polish Society

Authoritarian Country: Russia

Affected Region: Europe, Ukraine, Poland

View Resource: Russia’s Digital Battleground: Polish Society

Immediately after Russia’s attack on Ukraine, the Polish online space was riddled with disinformation about fuel shortages, refugees, and Ukrainian statehood, among other themes. Disseminators of fake news adapted to real socio-political events in order to influence, fabricate, and even control them.

Source: Atlantic Council

Publication Date: April 19, 2022

China’s Discourse Power Operations in the Global South: An Overview of Chinese Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Venezuela, South Africa, Iran

Author: Kenton Thibaut

View Resource: China’s Discourse Power Operations in the Global South: An Overview of Chinese Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East

Case studies on South Africa, Venezuela, and Iran reveal evidence of a symbiotic relationship between Beijing’s efforts to enhance its discourse power—including by co-opting the voices of foreign leaders—and local governments’ efforts to weaken the checks and balances that civil society imposes.

Source: NATO StratCom Centre of Excellence

Publication Date: March 24, 2022

China’s Influence in the Nordic-Baltic Information Environment: Latvia and Sweden

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Europe, Sweden, Latvia

Author: Katherine Nichols et al.

View Resource: China’s Influence in the Nordic-Baltic Information Environment: Latvia and Sweden

Beijing exploits several avenues of influence in the Nordic-Baltic region, including economic cooperation and investments, academic and parliamentary relationships, public diplomacy, and efforts to strengthen its ‘discourse power’ through local media and proxies.

Source: Asia Democracy Network

Publication Date: February 21, 2022

China’s Rise Under the Lens: Democracy and Human Rights at Risk

Authoritarian Country: China

Affected Region: Asia-Pacific, Malaysia, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Cambodia, Pakistan, South Korea, Burma

Author: Cleve V. Arguelles, Karel Jiaan Antonio Galang

View Resource: China’s Rise Under the Lens: Democracy and Human Rights at Risk

Beijing continues to actively undermine strong democracies, enthusiastically support illiberal forces in fragile democracies, and diligently create relationships of mutual dependence among non-democracies. Outright coercion, disinformation, censorship, and influence-peddling campaigns are commonplace.